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Boxing rules: professional and amateur

Boxing rules: professional and amateur

Boxing is a combat sport that challenges both the mind and the body, where two competitors face off in a ring, seeking victory through the strategic use of multiple strikes. Over the years, boxing has evolved, establishing a specific set of rules that govern both professional and amateur bouts, including Olympic bouts. This article will guide you through the fundamental rules of boxing, giving you a clear understanding of how the sport is structured and what it takes to compete fairly and safely.

Boxing Fundamentals

Boxing takes place in a square ring, surrounded by ropes, where boxers wear gloves to protect their hands and cushion blows. The fights are divided into rounds, with breaks in between, and are supervised by a referee who ensures compliance with the rules. Fights can end by knockout, technical decision or accumulated points, depending on the precision and power of the blows thrown.

Basic Boxing Rules

  • Fights take place in a certain number of rounds, with specific durations and rest periods.
  • Grappling, the use of arms to hit, or hand-to-hand fighting are not allowed.
  • A falling boxer must get up within 10 seconds; Otherwise, you lose the fight.
  • It is prohibited to hit the back of the head, below the belt, and perform head butts, bites or pushes.
  • Punches can only be delivered with the padded part of the glove.

Differences between Professional, Amateur and Olympic Boxing

Although the foundations of boxing are consistent across its different levels, there are particularities that distinguish professional boxing from amateur and Olympic boxing. For example, professional boxing allows for longer bouts, does not require the use of protective helmets, and has a scoring system based on the effectiveness of the blows. On the other hand, amateur and Olympic boxing emphasizes the safety of competitors, limits the duration of bouts, and uses head protectors.

Boxing Scoring System

Scoring in boxing depends on the effective impact of the blows, considering the force and the impact area. Blows must be direct to the front or side of the head and torso to be counted. Judges, who can vary between three and five, are responsible for awarding points, and an electronic system ensures impartiality in scoring.

Fouls and Penalties

Committing fouls during a boxing match can lead to warnings, reprimands and, in extreme cases, disqualification of the boxer. Fouls include illegal hits, grabs, hitting with unauthorized parts of the glove, among others. The integrity of the sport and the safety of competitors are paramount, so following the rules is essential for all participants.

Knowing the rules of boxing is essential for any aspiring boxer and fan of the sport. They provide the necessary structure for fair and safe competitions, ensuring that sporting merit determines the winner. Whether in the professional, amateur or Olympic Games, respect for these rules is what keeps boxing one of the most respected sports.


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