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What is Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ)?

What is Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ)?

Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ) has emerged as one of the most influential and widespread martial arts disciplines globally, transcending the borders of Brazil to be practiced by millions of fans around the world. Its application as a foundation in mixed martial arts (MMA) has played a crucial role in its popularization, turning it into a fashionable sport for both practitioners and spectators.


Exploring Brazilian Jiu Jitsu


Brazilian jiu jitsu focuses on hand-to-hand fighting, prioritizing submission techniques over striking. Their philosophy allows smaller, lighter individuals to effectively defend themselves against larger opponents, using technique over brute force. This modality promotes comprehensive physical preparation, improving muscle strength, resistance, flexibility and mental well-being.


Origins of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu


Jiu jitsu came to Brazil from Japan at the beginning of the 20th century, in a period marked by Asian immigration. Among these immigrants were judokas who established dojos in Brazil. Mitsuyo Maeda, one of these teachers, imparted his knowledge to the brothers Helio and Carlos Gracie, who adapted these techniques when creating Brazilian jiu jitsu, maintaining the essence of Japanese jiu jitsu but with a philosophy adapted to Brazil.


Distinction of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu


Unlike other martial arts, BJJ emphasizes submitting the opponent through takedowns, chokes, and holds, rather than hitting them directly. This significantly differentiates it from disciplines such as karate, kickboxing or taekwondo, and makes it more similar to judo. However, unlike judo, BJJ allows the fight to continue on the ground until the opponent is subdued.


Unique Characteristics of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu


Brazilian jiu jitsu is distinguished from other martial arts by its main objective of subduing the opponent, which implies a deep knowledge of ground fighting techniques, as well as specific physical and mental development for this purpose. It is this ability to neutralize the opponent through technique and strategy that makes him unique.

BJJ not only offers a path to physical and mental excellence, but also provides practical and effective self-defense skills, making it a complete and complex discipline. As it continues its global expansion, Brazilian jiu jitsu establishes itself as a cornerstone in martial arts training, promoting values of respect, discipline and constant self-improvement.


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